Sponsored by the Hurford Foundation, the Hurford Science Diplomacy Initiative aims to help early career scientists understand the global context for their work and thus enable them to work more effectively at international levels.
Science Diplomacy 2022: Faces of Science Diplomacy
The shorthand term Science Diplomacy (SD) spans wide-ranging activities connecting science and technology with international affairs. With particular attention to global health and environment, the series of seven seminars will sample the current landscape of SD issues, programs, and organizations. The goals of the course are to help early career life scientists: (a) think more systematically about the global potential of their work, including ethical, political, and economic implications; and (b) become acquainted with the people, networks, and resources available for scientific cooperation, including for those nations with whom cooperation may be especially difficult.
The COVID pandemic and climate change exemplify the centrality of science and technology to global well-being and the relations among nations, and for international negotiations and policies. COVID displays many faces of Science Diplomacy, for example, operation of international networks to provide reliable, timely data; risk evaluation and advising governments about transnational threats; and international collaboration to mitigate such threats. COVID has familiarized many people with the promise and perils of international organizations involved in Science Diplomacy such as the World Health Organization. It has alerted humanity to the potential power of infectious diseases as biological weapons and disruptors of development. The reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change show the potential and problems of groups of scientific experts “speaking truth to power.”
Comparable narratives could be offered for other major issues with strong scientific dimensions such as loss of biodiversity, conservation of cultural heritage, and the evolution and governance of the Internet.
While COVID has shown the importance of open channels of communication worldwide among working scientists and physicians, and among science advisers to governments, it has also shown the vulnerabilities associated with ignorance, overconfidence, disinformation, and misinformation. It has shown the complexity of the real world, including the plural rationalities that exist and persist in human societies. Meanwhile, the Internet and other technological innovations have sharply increased capacity and appetite for global scientific collaborations, often based on open access and transparency, but they may also increase volatility of knowledge and behaviors with surprising outcomes, in turn affecting the practice of both diplomacy and science.
In the course, we will offer some frameworks for thinking about Science Diplomacy and share some of its history, including how it relates to The Rockefeller University. We will explore how SD can matter for a range of issues, including who will do science, war and terror, environment, and art. We will examine challenges for SD, including tangible initiatives to address changing needs and goals, and excessive reliance on models of rational behavior. We will explore some critiques of SD, in particular that it reinforces particular structures of power.
This course is a sequel to the ones previously offered, and participants from prior years are welcome to attend again. Several sessions will use polling to learn and analyze views of the course participants.
The blend of in-person and remote participation will depend on conditions during February and March. We hope to have many sessions in-person. The field trip to Washington DC will similarly depend on conditions as the dates of the trip near.
Time: 3-5pm Thursday (When possible to meet in person, the venue is likely to be Kellen Biolink.)
New Frontiers in Science Diplomacy: Navigating the Changing Balance of Power. A Royal Society Policy Document 2010
Science Diplomacy and Future Worlds by E. William Colglazier
How science diplomacy can help navigate the post-pandemic world (Nature 8 July 2021)
https://opendoorsdata.org/ Open Doors, resource on international students and scholars studying or teaching at higher education institutions in US, and US students studying abroad. Note survey of international exchange activity in the United States and Americans abroad, explore new Open Doors.
Science, Technology, and Government for a Changing World
Summary Report of the Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government, New York, 1993
The Lab-Leak Debate Just Got Even Messier
A Covid Origin Conspiracy? Newly released emails make more plausible the contention that Anthony Fauci and Francis Collins presided over the suppression of the lab-leak theory for political reasons.
Websites to Browse:Office of Science and Technology Policy | The White House
African Diaspora Scientists as Development Catalysts
Can Science Save Africa?
How African scientists can give back to their home continent.
Using African Indigenous Languages in Science Engagement to Increase Science Trust.
Conceptualizing science diplomacy in the practitioner-driven literature: a critical review Pierre-Bruno Ruffini, Humanities and Social Sciences Communications volume 7, 124 (2020)
The Sensationalist Discourse of Science Diplomacy: A Critical Reflection, Tim Flink, Hague Journal of Diplomacy
Safe passage for Scientists Exiting Afghanistan (1 hour video interview with Vaughan Turekian)
Scientists in Black, Jeffrey T. Richelson Scientific American February 1998speech by Chinese President Xi Jinping to members of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Engineering, and national congress of China Association for S&T
Field reports from Dr. Bouchet
Venoms to the rescue, M Holford et al, Science, 2018
Census of Marine Life Concluding report, Highlights of a Decade of Discovery
Retrospective on CoML, pdf of slides here.
Websites to Browse:
Characterizing Microbial Signatures on Sculptures and Paintings of Similar Provenance, Manolito G. Torralba, Claire Kuelbs, Kelvin Jens Moncera, and Karen E. Nelson, Microbial Ecology, 2020
“Evidence for extraordinary visual acuity in Leonardo’s comment on a dragonfly,” and “Sfumato in Leonardo’s portraits: Optical and psychophysical mechanism, David S Thaler, Actes du Colloque International d’Amboise: Leonardo de Vinci, Anatomiste. Pionnier de l’Anatomie comparée, de la Biomécanique, de la Bionique et de la Physiognomonie, ed Henry de Lumley, CNRS Paris, 2021
Epidemics and pandemics in the history of humankind and how governments dealt with them A review from the Bronze Age to the Early Modern Age, Michael E. Habicht, F. Donald Pate, Elena Varotto, Francesco M. Galassi
The Coronavirus Calendar (CoronaCal): a Simplified SARS-CoV-2 Test System for Sampling and Retrospective Analysis, David S. Thaler, Manija A. Kazmi, Karina C. Åberg, Jordan M. Mattheisen, Thomas Huber, and Thomas P. Sakmar
Websites to Browse:
FAPAB Research Center (Forensic Anthropology, Paleopathology and Bioarchaeology)
The Leonardo Da Vinci DNA Project: Exploring the Intersections of Science and Art, lecture in YouTube featuring Jesse Ausubel, Karina Åberg, and Thomas P. Sakmar
Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress, head of the Center, Glenn Nye, former member of Congress
Dr. Cameron Bess, Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA), U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Dr. Vaughan C. Turekian, Executive Director, Policy and Global Affairs; Roundtable on Global Science Diplomacy
Dinner with Washington DC experts in Science Diplomacy, Cosmos Club, guests including
Dr. Giusi Condorelli, Science Attache, Embassy of Italy in Washington DC
Dr Scott Miller, Chief Scientist, Smithsonian
Dr. Stephane Raud, Attache for Science and Technology, Embassy of France in Washington DC
Mr. Richard Stone, Senior Science Editor, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Dr. Maryam Zaringhalam, Open Science Officer, NIH; RU graduate
New Executive Office Building, Office of Science and Technology Policy of the White House, Dr. Matthew Daniels, also here, Assistant Director of OSTP for Space Security and Special Projects; Benjamin Chang, OSTP policy advisor for international S&T
Dates: Thursdays, Feb. 10-Mar. 24, 2022
Science Soapbox is a student-run podcast at the intersection of science, policy, and advocacy initiated by SD alums Maryam Zaringhalam, Avital Percher, and Devon Collins. The podcast acts as a public-facing platform to highlight insights from emerging and prominent thinkers influencing science and its impact on society through policymaking, community engagement, and diplomacy.
The items listed are essential background reading. Two or three additional articles will be distributed each week pertaining to the weekly topics.