The Hurford Science Diplomacy Initiative
Sponsored by The Hurford Foundation, the Hurford Science Diplomacy Initiative aims to help early career scientists understand the global context for their work and thus enable them to work more effectively at international levels.
Science Diplomacy: The Context for Thinking Globally about the Biological and Medical Fields
Mandë Holford, Jesse Ausubel, and Rodney Nichols
The shorthand term "Science Diplomacy (SD)" spans wide-ranging activities connecting science and technology with international affairs. Including consideration of global health and medicine, this course considers: the larger context of dealing with nations in conflict; innovation in the public and private sectors; and views of SD from outside the US.
This course will also highlight the challenges of SD, which include: developing a classification of activities and a common language about practices, especially those that work best; identifying tangible initiatives to address changing needs and goals; and convincing governmental agencies that SD should be explicitly part of their long-term roadmaps for action and funding. The increasing interest in SD makes this an opportune time for scientists early in their careers to learn and evaluate its possibilities.
Some SD activities involve international collaboration to mitigate transnational threats such as infectious diseases or biological weapons; technical expertise is needed to operate effective and efficient programs. Science and technology also are central for many national and international negotiations and policies, such as the recent agreement with Iran on nuclear weapons control. Furthermore, open channels of communication among working scientists and physicians, and among science advisers to governments, especially across the borders of nations in conflict, offer valuable means for informal diplomacy. During the 50 years after World War II, such contacts often concerned nuclear arms control. Today, comparable linkages help efforts such as controlling chemical and biological weapons, limiting disease outbreaks, and managing biodiversity. These linkages can also build confidence between wary partners.
In turn, fruitful international relations may help advance and diffuse scientific innovation. Some fields of research cost so much that they flourish only with cooperation to build and manage shared international facilities, to coordinate decentralized research projects, and to conduct clinical trials. Certain fields also need access to sites, specimens, and patients around the world – arrangements that require governmental understanding and often approval. Indeed, leaders of research argue that success hinges on unobstructed international circulation of scientific information and scientists. While the Cold War may have ended, international tensions continue to abound. Further, the Internet and other technological innovations have sharply increased the ability and appetite for global scientific collaborations based on open access and cooperation.
This six-week course of seminars will sample the current landscape of SD issues, programs, and organizations. The goals of the course are to help early career biomedical scientists: (a) think more systematically about the global potential of their work, including ethical, political, and economic implications; and (b) become acquainted with the people, networks, and resources available for scientific cooperation, including those nations with whom cooperation may be especially difficult.
About ten of the most engaged students will be invited to join a field trip 24-25 March to Washington, DC to meet with prominent SD practitioners and tour relevant institutions.
This course is a sequel to the ones previously offered, and participants from prior years are welcome to attend again.
The course is part of the University's Hurford Initiative on Science & Diplomacy, sponsored by the Hurford Foundation. The Initiative aims to help early career scientists understand the global context for their work and thus enable them to work more effectively at international levels.
Feb 11, 2016
Feb 18, 2016
Feb 25, 2016
Mar 3, 2016
Mar 10, 2016
Thursday, Mar 17, 2016
Mar 24-25, 2016
Topic: Field trip to Washington, D.C.
Planned Visits (tentative):: US Department of State; Department of Defense; US Global Change Research Program (NOAA); National Academy of Medicine and/or Fogarty International Center (NIH)
Websites to Browse: TBD
Date: Thursdays, February 11-March 24, 2016
Additional Reading List
The items listed are essential background reading. Two or three additional articles will be distributed each week pertaining to the weekly topics.
- CFR-sponsored Independent Task Force report, The Emerging Global Health Crisis: Nonco mmunicable Diseases in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
Accompanying web interactive
- The Science of Science Policy: A Handbook (Innovation and Technology in the World E), by Julia Lane, Kaye Fealing, John Marburger III and Stephanie Shipp (Mar 18, 2011)
- Scientific Cooperation, State Conflict: The Role of Scientists in Mitigating International Discord, A. L. de Cerreno and A. Keynan, eds, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (866), 1998.
- New Frontiers in Science Diplomacy: Navigating the Changing Balance of Power.A Royal Society Policy Document 2010, ISBN: 978-0-85403-811-4
- Science and Two-Armed Diplomats, Rodney Nichols, 1984, Science 226, p123.
- The Elusive Transformation, Science, Technology and the Evolution of International Politics, Eugene B. Skolnikoff, 1994, Princeton University Press
- Science and Technology in US International Affairs, Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government, reprinted 1993.
- Arab Development Report, UN, 2002-2003..
- World Health Statistics – 2012
- Science and Two-Armed Diplomats, Rodney Nichols, 1984, Science 226, p.123.
- Chronic Diseases- The Urgent Need For Action, Henry Greenberg, et al, Routledge Handbook in Public Health. Editors Richard Parker and Marni Sommer
- National Security Strategy that includes health issues:
- National Strategy for Countering Biological Threats:
- International Health Regulations:
- Reinventing Phage Therapy, Vincent Fischetti, et al, 2006, Nature 12, P1508
- Bacteriophage endolysins: A novel anti-infective to control Gram-positive pathogens, Vincent Fischetti, 2010, International Journal of Medical Microbiology, 300 p. 357
- Sample proposals: Myanmar (microbiology mainly) and North Korea (tuberculosis)
- Development Science and Science Diplomacy. By Alex Dehgan, E. William Colglazier
- Arab Development Report, UN, 2002-2003. http://www.arab-hdr.org
- Sample proposals: Argentina/Bolivia DNA barcoding project; Synchrotron project in Jordan
- Scientific Cooperation, State Conflict: The Role of Scientists in Mitigating International Discord, A. L. de Cerreno and A. Keynan, eds, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (866), 1998. (Available in the RU Dean’s office)
- Science and Technology in US International Affairs, Carnegie Commission on Science, technology, and Government, reprinted 1993
- Sample proposals: Dead Sea Net; US NAS cooperation with Iran
- The Elusive Transformation, Science, Technology and the Evolution of International Politics, Eugene B. Skolnikoff, 1994, Princeton University Press (Available in the Dean’s office)
- Building a National Science Diplomacy System, Vaughan C. Turekian, Science & Diplomacy, Vol. 1, No. 4 (December 2012)
- Beyond Reproduction: Women’s health in today’s developing world, Susan Raymond, et al, 2005, International Journal of Epidemiology 34, p.1144
- Sample proposals: Israel-Palestine Science Organization; Iran-Afghan-Mississippi Delta; Barcoding project on endangered species
- Science Diplomacy Short Course project proposal form
- The Science of Science Policy: A Handbook (Innovation and Technology in the World E) by Julia Lane, Kaye Fealing, John Marburger III and Stephanie Shipp (Mar 18, 2011)
- Science must be seen to bridge the political divide, Daniel Sarewitz, 2013, Nature 493, p.7.
- Lifting the burden, The Economist, December, 2012
- Obesity and cardiovascular disease in developing countries: a growing problem and an economic threat, Susan U. Raymond ,et al, 2006, Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
- Foreign Assistance in an Aging World, Susan Raymond, 2003, Foreign Affairs p.91
- Sigma Xi 2012 Assembly of Delegates address by Glenn Schweitzer and William Colglazier on Science Diplomacy: http://www.sigmaxi.org/meetings/annual/index.shtml
- American Association for the Advancement of Science Science & Technology Policy Fellowship: http://fellowships.aaas.org/