The Hurford Science Diplomacy Initiative
Sponsored by The Hurford Foundation, the Hurford Science Diplomacy Initiative aims to help early career scientists understand the global context for their work and thus enable them to work more effectively at international levels.
Science Diplomacy: The Context for Thinking Globally about the Biological and Medical Fields
Mandë Holford, Jesse Ausubel, and Rodney Nichols
The shorthand term "Science Diplomacy (SD)" spans wide-ranging activities connecting science and technology with international affairs. With an emphasis on global health and medicine, this course will consider the larger context of dealing with nations in conflict, innovation in the public and private sectors, and views of SD from outside the US.
This course will also highlight the challenges of SD, which include: developing a classification of activities and a common language about practices, especially those that work best; identifying tangible initiatives to address changing needs and goals; and convincing governmental agencies that SD should be explicitly part of their long-term roadmaps for action and funding. The increasing interest in SD makes this an opportune time for scientists early in their careers to learn and evaluate its possibilities.
Some SD activities involve international collaboration to mitigate transnational threats such as infectious diseases or biological weapons. Often, technical expertise is needed to operate effective and efficient programs. Science and technology also inform national and international negotiations and policies. Furthermore, open channels of communication among scientists and physicians, and with science advisers to governments, especially across the borders of nations in conflict, offer valuable means for informal diplomacy. During the 50 years after World War II, such contacts most often concerned nuclear arms control.Today, comparable linkages help efforts such as controlling chemical and biological weapons, limiting disease outbreaks, and managing biodiversity. These linkages can also build confidence between wary partners.
In turn, fruitful international relations may help advance and diffuse scientific innovation. Some fields of research cost so much that they flourish only with cooperation to build and manage shared international facilities, to coordinate decentralized research projects, and to conduct clinical trials. Certain fields also need access to sites, specimens, and patients around the world -- arrangements that require governmental understanding and often approval. Indeed, leaders of research argue that success hinges on unobstructed international circulation of scientific information and scientists. While the Cold War may have ended, international tensions continue to abound. And the Internet and other technological innovations have sharply increased the ability and appetite for global scientific collaborations based on open access and cooperation.
This six-week course of seminars will sample the current landscape of SD issues, programs, and organizations. The goals of the course are to help early career biomedical scientists: (a) think more systematically about the global potential of their work, including ethical, political, and economic implications; and (b) become acquainted with the people, networks, and resources available for scientific cooperation involving nations with whom cooperation may be especially difficult.
Ten to twelve of the most engaged students will be invited to join a field trip 19-20 March to Washington, DC to meet with prominent SD practitioners and tour relevant institutions.
This course is a sequel to the ones offered in winter 2012 and 2013, and participants from prior years are welcome to attend again.
Feb 5, 2015
Topic: Science in US foreign policy and the State Department
: Hon. Thomas Pickering
, former US Ambassador to Jordan, Nigeria, El Salvador, Israel, India, Russia, and the United Nations, and earlier, Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs Session Leader
: Rodney Nichols Reading
: The Pervasive Role of Science, Technology, and Health in Foreign Policy:
Imperatives for the Department of State (1999) Websites to Browse
: http://www.sciencediplomacy.org/issues http://www.sciencediplomacy.org/topics http://www.sciencediplomacy.org/regions Presentations
Feb 12, 2015
Feb 19, 2015
Feb 26, 2015
Mar 5, 2015
Mar 12, 2015
Mar 19-20, 2015
Field trip to Washington, D.C.
: President’s Council of Advisors on Science & Technology (PCAST); National Academy of Sciences Office of International Affairs; Smithsonian Institution (international programs); Woodrow Wilson International Center (program in risk assessment of synthetic biology) Reading
: New Frontiers in Science Diplomacy: Navigating the Changing Balance of Power.
A Royal Society Policy Document 2010, ISBN: 978-0-85403-811-4 Websites to Browse
, Executive Director)
Smithsonian (Scott Miller
, Under Secretary, extensive fieldwork in Africa; and David Schindel, Barcode of Wildlife Project
, former head of NSF’s European operations)
Woodrow Wilson Center (David Rejeski
, Synthetic Biology regulation around the world
National Academies of Science (John Boright
, Executive Director, International Affairs)
- Date: The course will run for 7 weeks February 5, 2014-March 12, 2015.
- Sessions: There will be six sessions, meeting once a week for the duration of six weeks.
- Duration: Each session will be 2 hours long. The first hour is devoted to overview of the weekly topic, followed by a second hour of discussion with an expert guest speaker.
- Location and Time: Rockefeller University, CRC 506, 3-5pm
Additional Reading List
The items listed are essential background reading. Two or three additional articles will be distributed each week pertaining to the weekly topics.
- CFR-sponsored Independent Task Force report, The Emerging Global Health Crisis: Nonco mmunicable Diseases in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
Accompanying web interactive
- The Science of Science Policy: A Handbook (Innovation and Technology in the World E), by Julia Lane, Kaye Fealing, John Marburger III and Stephanie Shipp (Mar 18, 2011)
- Scientific Cooperation, State Conflict: The Role of Scientists in Mitigating International Discord, A. L. de Cerreno and A. Keynan, eds, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (866), 1998.
- New Frontiers in Science Diplomacy: Navigating the Changing Balance of Power.A Royal Society Policy Document 2010, ISBN: 978-0-85403-811-4
- Science and Two-Armed Diplomats, Rodney Nichols, 1984, Science 226, p123.
- The Elusive Transformation, Science, Technology and the Evolution of International Politics, Eugene B. Skolnikoff, 1994, Princeton University Press
- Science and Technology in US International Affairs, Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government, reprinted 1993.
- Arab Development Report, UN, 2002-2003..
- World Health Statistics – 2012
- Science and Two-Armed Diplomats, Rodney Nichols, 1984, Science 226, p.123.
- Chronic Diseases- The Urgent Need For Action, Henry Greenberg, et al, Routledge Handbook in Public Health. Editors Richard Parker and Marni Sommer
- National Security Strategy that includes health issues:
- National Strategy for Countering Biological Threats:
- International Health Regulations:
- Reinventing Phage Therapy, Vincent Fischetti, et al, 2006, Nature 12, P1508
- Bacteriophage endolysins: A novel anti-infective to control Gram-positive pathogens, Vincent Fischetti, 2010, International Journal of Medical Microbiology, 300 p. 357
- Sample proposals: Myanmar (microbiology mainly) and North Korea (tuberculosis)
- Development Science and Science Diplomacy. By Alex Dehgan, E. William Colglazier
- Arab Development Report, UN, 2002-2003. http://www.arab-hdr.org
- Sample proposals: Argentina/Bolivia DNA barcoding project; Synchrotron project in Jordan
- Scientific Cooperation, State Conflict: The Role of Scientists in Mitigating International Discord, A. L. de Cerreno and A. Keynan, eds, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (866), 1998. (Available in the RU Dean’s office)
- Science and Technology in US International Affairs, Carnegie Commission on Science, technology, and Government, reprinted 1993
- Sample proposals: Dead Sea Net; US NAS cooperation with Iran
- The Elusive Transformation, Science, Technology and the Evolution of International Politics, Eugene B. Skolnikoff, 1994, Princeton University Press (Available in the Dean’s office)
- Building a National Science Diplomacy System, Vaughan C. Turekian, Science & Diplomacy, Vol. 1, No. 4 (December 2012)
- Beyond Reproduction: Women’s health in today’s developing world, Susan Raymond, et al, 2005, International Journal of Epidemiology 34, p.1144
- Sample proposals: Israel-Palestine Science Organization; Iran-Afghan-Mississippi Delta; Barcoding project on endangered species
- Science Diplomacy Short Course project proposal form
- The Science of Science Policy: A Handbook (Innovation and Technology in the World E) by Julia Lane, Kaye Fealing, John Marburger III and Stephanie Shipp (Mar 18, 2011)
- Science must be seen to bridge the political divide, Daniel Sarewitz, 2013, Nature 493, p.7.
- Lifting the burden, The Economist, December, 2012
- Obesity and cardiovascular disease in developing countries: a growing problem and an economic threat, Susan U. Raymond ,et al, 2006, Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
- Foreign Assistance in an Aging World, Susan Raymond, 2003, Foreign Affairs p.91
- Sigma Xi 2012 Assembly of Delegates address by Glenn Schweitzer and William Colglazier on Science Diplomacy: http://www.sigmaxi.org/meetings/annual/index.shtml
- American Association for the Advancement of Science Science & Technology Policy Fellowship: http://fellowships.aaas.org/